Ho Chi Minh

(1890-1969)
   Vietnamese political, revolutionary, and nationalist leader
   Born Nguyn Tat Thanh in Nghe An, in what was then French indochina, Ho Chi Minh was the founder of the People's Republic of vietnam. After studying in Hue, he went to France (1911) and, beginning in 1917, became involved in political and patriotic activities. A young nationalist, he hoped in vain that the Paris Peace Conference (1919), which he petitioned, would apply the principle of self-determination to the colonized nations. This setback pushed him towards radical solutions and Leninism. When the French communist party (SFIO) was established at the Congress of Tours (1920), he became a member. He traveled to the Soviet Union (1923); Canton (1924), China; then again to the soviet union and western Europe (1927) and later Thailand (1928). Arrested in Hong Kong (1931) by the British, he returned to Vietnam (1941), after another sojourn in the Soviet Union (1936-1937). Taking the nom de guerre Ho Chi Minh (He Who Enlightens), and having already established the vietnamese Communist Party (1931), he formed the Viet Minh Front against the French and the Japanese during World War ii. He declared vietnam's independence at Hanoi, and became the new nation's first president (1946). He led the Viet Minh until the French retreat at dien bien phu and, in 1954, after the signing of the Geneva armistice, fought against American policy in south vietnam, attempting to unite the entire country according to socialist principles, and organized the successful resistance to the American forces.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CHI MINH — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ho Chi Minh — For other uses, see Ho Chi Minh (disambiguation). Hồ Chí Minh Portrait c. 1946 Chairman of the Workers Party of Vietnam In office 19 February 1951 – 2 Septem …   Wikipedia

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  • Ho Chi Minh — (vietnamesische Schreibweise Hồ Chí Minh (  anhören?/i) (Hán nôm: 胡志明; * 19. Mai 1890; † 2. September 1969) war ein vietnamesischer Revolutionär und Politiker, Premierminister (1945 1955) und Präsident (1955 1969) der Demokratischen Republik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ho Chi Minh — Hô Chi Minh Hồ Chí Minh Ho Chi Minh proclame l indépendance du Viêt Nam à Hanoï, le 2 septembre 1945 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hô-Chi-Minh — Ville Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saigon. Situation de Hô Chi Minh Ville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hô Chi Minh — Hồ Chí Minh Hồ Chí Minh, portrait de 1946 Mandats 1er président de la République démocratique du Viêt Nam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ho Chi Minh — /hoh chee min / 1890? 1969, North Vietnamese political leader: president of North Vietnam 1954 69. * * * orig. Nguyen Sinh Cung born May 19, 1890, Hoang Tru, Viet. died Sept. 2, 1969, Hanoi President (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of… …   Universalium

  • Hồ Chí Minh — 1er Presidente de la República Democrática de Vietnam 2 de septiembre de 1945 – 2 de septiembre de 1969 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ho Chi Minh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ho Chi Minh 1erPresidente de la República Democrática de Vietnam 19 de mayo de 1954  …   Wikipedia Español

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